The reform decriminalises the growth of up to four cannabis plants at home.
However, it also increases the penalties for crimes linked to the trafficking and dealing of cannabis, with the maximum sentence increasing from six to ten years.
The ruling was made on December 19, 2019 but went unnoticed until a week later when it was reported by domestic news agencies and immediately fueled a simmering political debate over cannabis use in Italy.
It triggered calls for further legalization from weed advocates and anger from the country’s conservatives.
n the UK, home cultivation remains illegal as well as possessing, selling, or distributing the drug, with offenders facing a fine of up to £2,500 and five years in prison.
Recent figures from the Home Office show police are making a record 358 cannabis seizures a day, a 21 per cent increase on 2019.
Cannabis was the most commonly found drug in police searches, with quantities being found in 71 per cent of all drug seizures in England and Wales in the 12 months to the end of March 2020.
However, in 2018, medicinal cannabis was legalized in the UK and some MPs have backed a similar move to Italy, towards decriminalisation.
Meanwhile, in the US, cannabis has been legalized across a third of all US states, with Virginia, New Mexico, and Connecticut being the latest ones to legalize recreational cannabis.